Correlational findings

Study Hunsberger (1985): study CA 1982

65+ aged, general public, Ontario Canada, 1982
N = 85
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured personal interview


Authors's label
Christian orthodoxy
Our Classification
24-item Christian Orthodoxy Scale
(Fullerton and Hunsberger, 1982);
answers were rated on a scale from  
-3 to +3 (strongly disagree to strongly agree). Keying of all negatively-worded items is reversed.
Typical items are:
1.  God exists as: Father, Son and Holy
4.  The Bible is the word of God given
    to guide man to grace and
8.  The Bible may be an important book
    of moral teaching, but it was no
    more inspired by God than were many
    other such books in the history of
9.  The concept of God is an old
    superstition that is no longer
    needed to explain things in the
    modern era.
16. Despite what many people believe,
    there is no such thing as a God who
    is aware of Man's actions.
21. There is a God who is concerned
    with everyone's actions.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ae r = +.18 p < .05 O-SLC-c-sq-lg-21-a DM = + Present happiness (as rated on the life chart) is
rated higher by high orthodox than by low orthodox.
Earlier happiness (as rated on the same chart) is also rated higher by high orthodox than by low orthodox.