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Correlational findings

Study Goodhart (1985): study US 1983

Public:
Students in stress, followed 8 weeks, Illinois, USA, 1983
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 173
Non Response:
1.7% dropout
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire administered in class. T1: pretest, T2: post- test; after 8 weeks.

Correlate

Authors's label
Stress
Our Classification
  • LIFE EVENTS Current life-events (past few years) Burden of current life-events Major life-change or not
Operationalization
Stressful life-events reported between T1 and T2 (8-week interval).
 Assessed at T2 by means of an event checklist. Ss indicated whether or not such events had happened to them.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sq-v-7-a rpc = -.27 T1-T2 stress by T2 happiness, controlled for T1 happiness.
 
 Rpc indicates the effect of stress on CHANGE IN HAPPINESS.
 
 The effect of stress on change in happiness is unaffected by positive or negative thinking (interactions ns).