Correlational findings

Study Block (1971): study US 1936

Highschool pupils, followed from age 11 to 35, USA, 1936-1957
N = 160
Non Response:
65% dropout, 11% incomplete data
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews and tests


Authors's label
Earlier cheerfulness
Our Classification
Rating on the basis of interview-protocols by independent judges of cheerfulness as personality descriptive variable from most uncharacteristic to most characteristic of the subject. Rated on a scale ranging from 1 to 9.

Happiness assessed at:
T1: junior high school: age 11-14,±1936
T2: senior high school: age 14-17,±1942
T3: fourth decade:      age 28-35,±1957

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CP-g-rc-?-9-a mr = +.54 T1 by T2 happiness:
males:   r=+.57 (001)
         r corrected for attenuation =+.75
females: r=+.50 (001)
         r corrected for attenuation =+.69  
Females tend to become less happy between T1 and T2. The individual rankorder is largly maintained (conclusion based on corrected r).

A-CP-g-rc-?-9-a mr = +.31 T2 by T3 happiness:
males:   r=+.26 (05)
         r corrected for attenuation =+.34
females: r=+.36 (001)
         r corrected for attenuation =+.46
Females tend to become more happy between T2 and T3. The individual rankorder changes considerably
(conclusion based on corrected r).