Correlational findings

Study Neugarten et al. (1961): study US 1955

50+ aged, whites followed 2,5 years, Kansas City, USA., 196?
N =
Non Response
Panel group: 16% refusal; 26% dropout after 4 interviews. Quasi panel: 17% dr.
Interview: face-to-face
4 interviews in a period of two and a half years.


Authors's Label
Resolution and fortitude
Our Classification
Content analysis of interview records by 2 independent judges (component of the Life Satisfaction Rating. LSR, Neugarten et al 1961).

5-point scale:
5. Try and try again attitude. Active
   personal responsibility, takes the
   bad and the good and makes the most
   of it.
4. Can take life as it comes. Has no
   complaint of the way life has    treated him. Assumes responsibility
3. Has ups and downs. Shows a trace of
   extra-punitiveness or intropunitive-
   ness concerning his difficulties in
2. Feels he hasn't done better because
   he has not gotten the breaks. Has
   worked hard but feels he never got
1. Talks of hard knocks which he has    not mastered (extrapunitive). Blames
   self a great deal (intropunitive).
   Feels helpless; overwhelmed by    life.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-RG-h-fi-v-5-a r = +.70 M-FH-c-fi-v-5-a r = +.48