Correlational findings

Study Wessman et al. (1960): study US 1957

Female college students, followed 6 weeks, Radcliffe, USA, 1957
N = 14
Non Response
44% dropouts
Multiple assesment methods
Mood diary completed daily during 6 weeks and various tests


Authors's Label
Real self descriptions
Our Classification
The group of Ss was divided in two according to their mean 'daily average mood'. The Q sort descriptions provided by the seven re- latively happy girls were compared with those of the seven relatively unhappy girls. Only significant discrepancies between the des- criptions of both groups were presented.
Content analysis of a 45-item Q sort, filled out both in extremely high and in extremely low moods for self-concept ('the most accurate picture of yourself as you really believe you are now').

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = + p < .05 a. Friendly, sociable, and open towards others
   In both high and low moods the happy girls
   describe themselves as more friendly, socia-
   ble, more willing to give of themselves to
   others, and more interested in what others
   have to offer.
   The unhappy girls describe themselves as more
   independent, self-sufficient and introspective

A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = - p < .05 b. Sophisticated, critical, interested in acade-
   mic work
   In both high and low moods the unhappy girls     describe themselves as more critical, sophis-
   ticated, interested in academic work and         introspective.
   The happy girls describe themselves as more
   unorganized, tolerant and nervous. They are      able to enjoy work without being preoccupied     with it, and do not consider themselves        sophisticated or poised.