- Widowed women in grief, USA, 198?
- Survey name
- Unnamed study
- N = 447
- Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Sources of friendship support
- Our Classification
- Crisis loss phase: (Husband died less than 18 months ago. Ss reports to be still in intense grief. N=126) Transition loss phase: (Husband died 2-5 years ago. Ss report grieving to a limited extent. N=321)
- Direct questions on seven kinds of percieved support by three categories of friends:
Observed Relation with Happiness
When kinds* of support are considered seperately only 'intimacy support' by married friends in the crisis loss phase is significantly related to happiness (r=+.28).
When kinds of support are considered seperately the following significant relations exist:
In the crisis loss phase group, 'guidance' by widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß=+.25, controlled for 'intimacy from married friends') and
in the transition phase group 'intimacy' from widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß = +.15, controlled for 'guidance from neighbors')
When kinds* of support are considered seperately in the transition group 'guidance' from neighbors is significantly related to happiness (r= +.24).
Also in the transition group 'dependability' from neighbors is related to happiness (ß= +.20, controlled for 'Intimacy from widowed friends' and 'Guidance from neighbors')
*The following kinds of support were considered:
-Approval for new social life style