print

Correlational findings

Study Bankoff (1981): study US 1979

Public:
Widowed women in grief, USA, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 447
Non Response:
50%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Sources of friendship support
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct questions on seven kinds of percieved support by three categories of friends:




1.Married friends











2.Widowed/single friends






                                                                                                               
3.Neighborhood friends

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = +.16 ns Crisis loss phase A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = ns Transition phase

When kinds* of support are considered seperately only 'intimacy support' by married friends in the crisis loss phase is significantly related to happiness (r=+.28).

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = ns Crisis loss phase A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = ns Transition phase

When kinds of support are considered seperately the following significant relations exist:
    In the crisis loss phase group, 'guidance' by widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß=+.25, controlled for 'intimacy from married friends') and
    in the transition phase group 'intimacy' from widowed friends is related to happiness
(ß = +.15, controlled for 'guidance from neighbors')

A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = ns Crisis loss phase A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e r = ns Transition phase

When kinds* of support are considered seperately in the transition group 'guidance' from neighbors is significantly related to happiness (r= +.24).
    Also in the transition group 'dependability' from neighbors is related to happiness (ß= +.20, controlled for 'Intimacy from widowed friends' and 'Guidance from neighbors')

*The following kinds of support were considered:
-Guidance
-Approval for new social life style
-Social companionship
-Intimacy
-Attention
-Dependability