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Correlational findings

Study Wilkening & McGranahan (1978): study US Wisconsin 1974 /1

Public:
18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin-residents, USA, 1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1423
Non Response:
12%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Having children
Our Classification
Operationalization
0. No children
1. Has children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a r = +.04 ns O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a Beta = -.11 p < .05 ß controlled for 1+2+3+4+5 :                
1: education, occupation, income, level of living
2: live alone, married,  contact with relatives,
   contact with friends, church attendance,
   organizational membership.
3: health problems, recent move, separated/   
   divorced, unemployed.                       
4: retired,widowed.
5: urban living, rural living, female.

ß in different age groups:
under 30: -.12 (ns)    30-49   : +.05 (ns)
50-64   : +.00 (ns)    over 64 : -.09 (ns)
                                 
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a Beta = -.06 ns ß controlled for 2 only:
interaction with age: ns