Correlational findings

Study Wessman (1973): study US 1957

Male college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
N = 17
Non Response
Multiple assesment methods
Questionnaires, interviews, and tests during 3 years


Authors's Label
Experience and use of time
Our Classification
80-item questionnaire, representing the 10 most positively and 10 most negati- vely loaded items on each of 4 orthogo- nal bi-polar factors (Ricks - Epley - Wessman Temporal Experience Question- naire).

a.  Immediate time pressure:
    20-item index measuring relaxed
    mastery and adaptive flexibility vs
    harassed lack of control.

b.  Long-term personal direction:
    20-item index measuring discontin-
    uity and lack of direction vs con-
    tinuity and steady purpose.

c.  Efficient time utilization:
    20-item index measuring procrastin-
    ation and inefficiency vs efficient

d.  Personal inconsistency:
    20-item index measuring consistency
    and dependability vs inconsistency
    and changeability.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = ns a. O-HP-g-rc-ro-*-a r = ns a. A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = +.48 p < .05 b. O-HP-g-rc-ro-*-a r = +.48 p < .05 b. A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = ns c. O-HP-g-rc-ro-*-a r = ns c. A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = ns d. O-HP-g-rc-ro-*-a r = ns d.