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Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /5

Public:
Working people, middle and lower professions, West-Germany, 1973
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1528
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Independence at work
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single direct question: 'Are you very independent, that means, do you have great space for making your own decisions?'

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b G = +.50 p < .01 blue collar workers A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b tb = +.18 p < .01 A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b G = +.49 p < .01 landworkers A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b tb = +.16 p < .01 A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b G = +.57 p < .01 lower-white collar workers A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-b tb = +.19 p < .01