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Correlational findings

Study Noelle-Neumann (1977a): study XZ Germany West 1973 /1

Public:
16+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1973
Survey name:
DE-Allensbacher Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2035
Non Response:
Assessment:
Behavioural observation

Correlate

Authors's label
Frequency of laughing
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single direct question:
How long ago have you really laughed?
3 yesterday;
2 in the past two weeks or
1 longer ago?

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-CA-mh-ri-v-2-a G = +.30 p < .01 Comparison categories of more and less cheerful looking subjects stratified by sex, age and occupation.