Correlational findings

Study Dermer et al. (1979): study US 1978 /1

Female students, moderately happy, USA, 1978
N = 81
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
And projective technique: role playing


Authors's label
Pleasant imagination
Our Classification
Experimental manipulation. Subjects were lead to believe they participated in an experiment to study the ability of people to vividly imagine "life events". They were asked to read a series of life events, to imagine the events happening to themselves and to describe their reactions to the events.
Half did so in a negative imagination condition and half in a positive condition.

1. Negative imagination: Ss were    
   required to imagine: (a) that they     were severely burned,(b) that they     were blind,(c)that they were invalid    (d) that they suffered Hodgkin's
2. Positive imagination: Ss were     required to imagine:(a)that they     were winners of an all-expenses-paid    tour,(b)that they were    multimillionaires,(c) that they were    well-paid private secretaries,(d)    that they were winners of an    all-expenses-paid vacation.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-?-sq-?-8-a DM = ns Happines was assessed several weeks before the experiment and several weeks after.
Experimental treatment was not followed by a significant change in happiness.

Negative imagination
Pretreatment-happiness    Mt'= 7.6
Posttreatment-happiness   Mt'= 8.4

Positive imagination:
Pretreatment-happines     Mt'= 7.8
Posttreatment-happines    Mt'= 7.7