- Female students, moderately happy, USA, 1978
- N = 73
- Non Response:
- Questionnaire: paper
- Authors's Label
- Pleasant imagination
- Our Classification
- Related specification variables
- Experimental manipulation. Ss were lead to believe they participated in an experiment to study their conceptions of life in Milwaukee at the turn of the century. They were asked to view a series of slides describing this area, to vividly imagine the scene and to write a description of a day in the life of a typical Milwaukeean living in 1900.
1.Bad old days condition: The Ss saw the slides accompanied by negative descriptions:(a)Anymals and people drank and washed themselves
in the same public fountain.(b)People all drank from the same filthy communal drinking cup.(c)These cups were vehicles for tuberculosis, smallpox and other diseases.(d)Many people were killed by these diseases. 2.Good old days condition: The other half saw the slides accompanied by positive discriptions:(a)Beautifully carved fountains.(b)Artfully sculpted statues, charactaristic of the craftmanship of European immigrants.
(c)Fountains suplied a thirsty public with cool water on sunny afternoons.
Observed Relation with Happiness
Experimental treatment was not followed by a significant change in happines.
Bad old days condition:
Pretreatment-happiness Mt'= 8.0
Posttreatment-happiness Mt'= 8.0
Good old days condition:
Pretreatment-happiness Mt'= 7.8
Posttreatment-happiness Mt'= 7.6