Correlational findings

Study Dermer et al. (1979): study US 1978

Female students, moderately happy, USA, 1978
N = 73
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Pleasant imagination
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Experimental manipulation. Ss were lead to believe they participated in an experiment to study their conceptions of life in Milwaukee at the turn of the century. They were asked to view a series of slides describing this area, to vividly imagine the scene and to write a description of a day in the life of a typical Milwaukeean living in 1900.

1.Bad old days condition:             The Ss saw the slides accompanied by   negative descriptions:(a)Anymals and   people drank and washed themselves
  in the same public fountain.(b)People   all drank from the same filthy    communal drinking cup.(c)These cups    were vehicles for tuberculosis,        smallpox and other diseases.(d)Many    people were killed by these diseases.                                  2.Good old days condition:           The other half saw the slides    accompanied by positive   discriptions:(a)Beautifully carved   fountains.(b)Artfully sculpted   statues, charactaristic of the   craftmanship of European immigrants.
  (c)Fountains suplied a thirsty public   with cool water on sunny afternoons.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sq-v-7-b DM = ns Happiness was assessed several weeks before the experiment and several weeks after.
Experimental treatment was not followed by a significant change in happines.

Bad old days condition:
Pretreatment-happiness    Mt'= 8.0
Posttreatment-happiness   Mt'= 8.0

Good old days condition:
Pretreatment-happiness    Mt'= 7.8
Posttreatment-happiness   Mt'= 7.6