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Correlational findings

Study Levy (1978): study US 1977

Public:
52-74 aged white male retirees, from two universities Mid-West U.S.A. 1977
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 70
Non Response:
36% (12% refusals, 24% not available)
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Focused interviews at home and content-analysis of tapes

Correlate

Authors's label
Disconnected Present
Our Classification
Operationalization
Content-analysis of tapes of focused interviews by two independent raters. Scored on a seven-point scale ranging from a sense of nonintegrated temporal experience ("I live only for today" etc.) with no sense of past or future to a conveyed sense of temporal integration, with present experience reflecting a clear continuity with past life and future intentions.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-c-fi-v-7-a r = +.27 p < .05 O-SLC-g-fi-v-7-a r = -.11 ns