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Correlational findings

Study Lowenthal & Boler (1965): study US 1962

Public:
60+aged, San Francisco, USA, 1962
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 269
Non Response:
55%, 22% refusals, 9% deaths, 22% unattainable
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
using open questions during 3 days

Correlate

Authors's label
Social withdrawal
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 3 questions on reduction in contacts during the past years of
a: contacts with relatives
b: contacts with other people
c: organisational membership

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bc G = -.21 ns deprived     : G' = -.34 (ns)
not deprived : G' = +.51 (ns)

Deprivation measured by an index of:
a: compulsery retirement in the past 7 years
b: widowhood in the past 7 years
c: interviewer rating of physical disability

G' based on proportion unhappy
O-SLL-c-sq-v-4-c G = -.45 p < .01 deprived     : G' = -.43 (05)
not deprived : G' = -.35 (ns)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-b G = -.41 p < .01 deprived     : G' = -.48 (05)
not deprived : G' = -.19 (ns)