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Correlational findings

Study Lowenthal & Boler (1965): study US 1962

Public:
60+aged, San Francisco, USA, 1962
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 269
Non Response:
55%, 22% refusals, 9% deaths, 22% unattainable
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
using open questions during 3 days

Correlate

Authors's label
Deprivation
Our Classification
Operationalization
Deprivation measured by an index of:
- compulsary retirement in past 7 yrs
- widowhood in past 7 yrs
- interviewer rating of physical disability

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-bc G = -.70 p < .01 withdrawn    : G' = -.90 (01)
not withdrawn: G' = -.51 (05)

Social withdrawal measured by report of reduced participation in organisation, and less contacts with family and friends.

G' based on proportion unhappy
O-SLL-c-sq-v-4-c G = -.70 p < .01 withdrawn    : G' = -.70 (01)
not withdrawn: G' = -.65 (01)
A-AOL-g-sq-v-3-b G = -.55 p < .01 withdrawn    : G' = -.64 (ns)
not withdrawn: G' = -.40 (ns)