Correlational findings

Study Headey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
N = 649
Non Response
Attrition T1-T4: 31%
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Earlier happiness
Our Classification
Single direct question asked twice: "How do you feel about your life-as-a-whole?" Rated on a 9 point scale. 1: terrible to 9: delightful.
Happiness assessed at: T1 (1981), T2 (1983), T3 (1985), T4 (1987)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = +.68 p < .05 Current happiness by earlier happiness:       
(T4 by T3, T3 by T2, T2 by T1).

ßL is a path coefficients in a 4-wave LISREL model in which coefficients are assumed to be equal for all waves. Controls: satisfaction with marriage (T1, T2, T3 and T4), and T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and neuroticism.

O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = +.77 p < .05 T4 happiness by T3 happiness.

ßL is a path coefficient in a two wave LISREL model. Controls: earlier net life-events (reported at T3 and T4) and T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and neuroticism.