Correlational findings

Study Headey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
N = 649
Non Response
Attrition T1-T4: 31%
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Sense of relative superiority
Our Classification
Two indentical indices consisting of four closed questions on Ss' self-rated performance as partners, parents, friends and workers, rated on a 7 point scale. 1: below average, 7: above.
Indices administered at 20 minutes intervals at T1(1981), T2(1983), T3(1985) and T4(1987)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = +.23 p < .05 Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of sense of relative superiority (bottum-up).

O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = +.41 p < .05 Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on sense of relative superiority (top-down).

Effects assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.    
Effects assumed to be identical at all times.
ßL is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and neuroticism are controlled.