# Correlational findings

## Study Palisi (1984): study ZZ Western nations 1977 /1

Public
Males, metropolitan areas, London, Los Angeles and Sydney, 1977-80
Sample
Respondents
N = 752
Non Response
67%
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mailed questionnaire

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Housing quality
Our Classification
Operationalization
1. Objective crowding: closed questions
on:
- number of persons in the household
- number of persons per bedroom
- number of persons per room
- number of bedrooms
- number of rooms

2. Subjective crowding: closed
questions on how frequently the
feelings, ranging from 1 (all the
time) to 4 (never):
- feelings that the home is the right
size
- feelings of personal privacy from
household members
- perception of lack of room in the
household
- feelings that there are too many
people at home
- feelings that people get in each
other's way at home

3. Objective and subjective crowding
(1+2)

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-cm-sq-v-4-a = 1. Objective crowding                                         London     L.A.       Sydney
-p household  ß =   +.06 ns    -.22 ns    +.06 ns
-p bedroom    ß =   -.51 ns    -.10 ns    -.36 ns
-p room       ß =   +.47 ns    -.02 ns    +.37 ns
-n bedrooms   ß =   +.37 ns    +.06 ns    +.32 ns
-n rooms      ß =   -.44 05    +.14 ns    -.38 ns
R²=    .02 ns     .03 ns     .01 ns

2. Subjective crowding
-right size   ß =   +.13 ns    +.19 05    +.08 ns
-privacy      ß =        ns         ns         ns
-lack room    ß =   +.06 ns    -.03 ns    -.06 ns
-too many     ß =   -.06 ns    +.07 ns    -.16 ns
-in way       ß =   -.03 ns    -.14 ns    +.04 ns
R²=    .07 ns     .10 ns     .08 ns

3. Obj.+ subj. R²=   .11 ns     .13 ns     .12 ns

All values controlled for marriage status, occupation, education, age and neighbourhood noise.