Correlational findings

Study Headey & Veenhoven (1989): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, general public, followed 6 years, Melbourne, Australia, 1981-87
N = 649
Non Response:
Attrition T1-T4: 31%
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Satisfaction with friends
Our Classification
Index of two identical questions asked at the beginning and the end of the interview (20 minute interval).   Rated on a 9-point scale ranging from terrible (1) to delightfull (9). Assessed at T1 (1981), T2 (1983),
T3 (1985) and T4 (1987).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = ns Estimated same-time causal EFFECT ON HAPPINESS of satisfaction with friends (bottum-up).

O-DT-u-sqt-v-10-a Beta-L = ns Estimated same-time causal EFFECT OF HAPPINESS on satisfaction with friends (top-down).

Effect assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4.     
Effects assumed to be identical at all times.
├čL is the path-coefficient in a four wave LISREL model. T1 sex, age, SES, extraversion and neuroticism are controlled.