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Correlational findings

Study Rempel (1985): study CA 1979

Public:
Elderly persons, noninstitutionalized, Canada, 1979
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 338
Non Response:
39
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Having children
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 Childless
1 Parents

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SL?-g-sq-l-11-a DM = + ns unadjusted means
- childless:     M = 8.8    Mt' = 7.8
- parent:        M = 9.1    Mt' = 8.1
O-HL-g-sq-v-3-d DM = 0 ns unadjusted means
-             childless:     M = 2.4    Mt' = 7
-             parent:        M = 2.4    Mt' = 7
means adjusted for age, gender, marital status and social class
-             childless:     M = 2.4    Mt' = 7
-             parent:        M = 2.4    Mt' = 7
O-SL?-g-sq-l-11-a DMa = + ns - childless:     Ma = 8.9    Mat' = 7.9
- parent:        Ma = 9.1    Mat' = 8.1
Ma adjusted for age, gender, marital status and social class