print

Correlational findings

Study Costa & McCrae (1980): study US 1976

Public:
35-85 aged white males (largely veterans), USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1100
Non Response:
T1:21%; T2:18%; T3:27%; T4:46%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire att intervals of 3 months

Correlate

Authors's label
Vigor
Our Classification
Operationalization
5-item indexes from the EASI-III Tempe- rament Survey (Buss & Plomin, 1975:241-242)
1. I like to wear myself out
2. I often feel sluggish (rev)
3. I often feel busting with energy
4. When I do things I do them   vigorously
5. My movements are forceful and   emphatic

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-b r = +.28 p < .001 Correlations with hedonic level at:
T1:  r = +.19  (001)
T2:  r = +.20  (001)  
T3:  r = +.18  (001)
T4:  r = +.24  (001)
Sum: r = +.28  (001)

PAS: r(mean) = +.25
NAS: r(mean) = -.07