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Correlational findings

Study Costa & McCrae (1980): study US 1976

Public:
35-85 aged white males (largely veterans), USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1100
Non Response:
T1:21%; T2:18%; T3:27%; T4:46%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire att intervals of 3 months

Correlate

Authors's label
Anger
Our Classification
Operationalization
5-item index from the EASI-III Tempera-
ment Survey (Buss and Plomin, 1975:241-242),
rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'a little' to 'a lot':
1. "When displeased, I let people know   it"
2. "It takes a lot to get me mad  
   (reverse)."
3. "I am known as hot-blooded and        quick-tempered"
4. "I yell and scream more than most
   people my age"
5. "There are many things that annoy     me"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-b r = -.21 p < .001 Hedonic level assessed at T1, T2, T3, and T4 (3 month-intervals). Anger at T2.

Correlations with hedonic level at:
T1:  r = -.17  (001)
T2:  r = -.18  (001)
T3:  r = -.14  (001)
T4:  r = -.12  (001)
Sum: r = -.21  (001)

PAS: r(mean) = -.01
NAS: r(mean) = +.23