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Correlational findings

Study Costa & McCrae (1980): study US 1976

Public:
35-85 aged white males (largely veterans), USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1100
Non Response:
T1:21%; T2:18%; T3:27%; T4:46%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire att intervals of 3 months

Correlate

Authors's label
Fear
Our Classification
Operationalization
5-item index from the EASI-III Tempare-
ment Survey (Buss and Plomin, 1975:241-242), rated on a 5-point scale ranging from 'a little' to 'a lot':
1. "I am easily frightened"
2. "I often feel insecure"
3. "I tend to be nervous in new     situations
4. "I have fewer fears than most people    my age" (reverse)
5. "When I get scared, I panic"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-b r = -.40 p < .001 Hedonic level assessed at T1, T2, T3, and T4 (3 month-intervals). Fear at T2.

Correlations with hedonic level at:
T1:  r = -.29  (001)
T2:  r = -.36  (001)
T3:  r = -.31  (001)
T4:  r = -.32  (001)
Sum: r = -.40  (001)

PAS: r = -.19
NAS: r = -.30