print

Correlational findings

Study Costa & McCrae (1980): study US 1976

Public:
35-85 aged white males (largely veterans), USA, 1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1100
Non Response:
T1:21%; T2:18%; T3:27%; T4:46%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire att intervals of 3 months

Correlate

Authors's label
General emotionality
Our Classification
Operationalization
5-item index from the EASI-III Tempera-
ment Survey (Buss and Plomin, 1975:241-242) rated on a 5-point scale. Each item ranging from 'a little' to 'a lot':
1. "I frequently get upset"
2. "I am almost always calm - nothing
   ever bothers me (reverse)"
3. "I get excited easily"
4. "I am somewhat emotional"
5. "I often feel like crying"

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-b r = -.33 p < .001 Hedonic level assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4 (3 month-intervals). Emotionality at T2.

Correlations with hedonic level at:
T1:  r = -.25  (001)
T2:  r = -.29  (001)
T3:  r = -.28  (001)
T4:  r = -.23  (001)
Sum: r = -.33  (001)

PAS: r(mean) = -.08
NAS: r(mean) = +.33