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Correlational findings

Study Fordyce (1972): study US 1971

Public:
University students, USA, 1971
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 86
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
And content analysis

Correlate

Authors's label
Ways to live
Our Classification
Operationalization
13-item inventory (Morris Ways to Live Survey; see Morris, 1956)
Ways ranked for importance in two ways:
- absolute importance (7 point scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)

a. Preserve the best that man has attained
b. Cultivate independence of persons and things
c. Show sympathetic concern for others
d. Experience festivity and solitude in alternation
e. Act and enjoy life through group participation
f. Constantly master changing conditions
g. Integrate action, enjoyment, and contemplation
h. Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment
i. Wait in quiet receptivity
j. Control in self stoically
k. Meditate on the inner life
l. Change adventuresome deeds
m. Obey the cosmic purposes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.03 ns a.Preserve the best that man has attained,
  -absolute: male:    +.06 (ns)
             females: -.08 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.09 ns   -relative: males:   +.06 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.25 p < .05 b.Cultivate indepence of persons and things   
  -absolute: males:   -.11 (ns)  
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.12 ns   -relative: males:   +.03 (ns)  
             females: -.21 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.02 ns c.Show sympathetic concern for others
  -absolute: males:   -.15 (ns)  
             females: +.16 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.16 ns   -relative: males:   -.07 (ns)  
             females: +.31 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.17 ns d.Experience festivity and solitude in alteration:
  -absolute: males:   -.00 (ns)    
             females: -.19 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.00 ns   -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.10 ns e.Act and enjoy life through group participation
  -absolute: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: +.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.11 ns   -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: +.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.14 p < .05 f.Constantly master changing conditions
  -absolute: males:   -.16 (ns)  
             females: -.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.16 ns   -relative: males:   -.13 (ns)  
             females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.01 ns g.Intergrate action, enjoyment and contemplation
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: -.24 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.12 ns   -relative: males:   +.21 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.00 ns h.Live with wholesome, carefree enjoyment  
  -absolute: males:   +.01 (ns)  
             females: -.14 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.03 ns   -relative: males:   +.00 (ns)  
             females: -.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.01 ns i.Wait in quiet receptivity
  -absolute: males:   -.19 (ns)  
             females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.01 ns   -relative: males:   -.01 (ns)  
             females: +.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.29 p < .01 j.Control in self stoically
  -absolute: males:   -.37 (05)  
             females: -.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.12 ns   -relative: males:   -.35 (05)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.22 p < .05 k. Mediate on the inner life
   -absolute: males:   -.01 (ns)  
              females: -.26 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = -.18 p < .10   -relative: males:   -.08 (ns)  
             females: -.25 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.00 ns l.Change adventuresome deeds
  -absolute: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.15 ns   -relative: males:   +.24 (ns)  
             females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.26 p < .05 m.Obey the cosmic purposes
  -absolute: males:   +.12 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.26 p < .05   -relative: males:   +.13 (ns)  
             females: +.32 (05)