Correlational findings

Study Gall et al. (1997): study US 1971

University students, USA, 1971
N = 86
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
And content analysis


Authors's Label
Personal values_A
Our Classification
Comparison of most and least happy Ss. (top and bottom 27%). All differences similar for males and females except social values (no. 2) report of which is significantly related to happiness among females only.
Combination scores of frequently mentioned values on the basis of content analysis of each Ss written philosophy of life:

a.  Happiness: combination score of:
    - happiness
    - enjoyment of life
    - inner peace
    - living life to its fullest
    - love of life
    - fun, excitement, good times
b.  Social values: combination score of all values relating to social interests.
c.  Striving values: combination score of all values relating to striving, accomplishment, goal seeking.
d.  Self values: combination score of all values of self-confidence, self- esteem, etc.
e.  Learning values: combination score of all educational and learning values.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a SNR = + p < .01 a.Happiness A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a SNR = + p < .01 b.Social A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a SNR = ns c.Striving A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a SNR = ns d.Self A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a SNR = ns e.Learning