# Correlational findings

## Study Gall et al. (1997): study US 1971

Public
University students, USA, 1971
Sample
Respondents
N = 86
Non Response
-
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
And content analysis

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Instrumental values
Our Classification
Remarks
18-item inventory (Rokeach Instrumental Values Scale; see Rokeach, 1968)
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Values rated for importance in two ways:
- absolute importance (7 points scale)
- relative importance (rankorder)
a. Ambitious
c. Capable
d. Cheerful
e. Clean
f. Courageous
g. Forgiving
i. Honest
j. Imaginative
k. Independent
l. Intellectual
m. Logical
n. Loving
o. Obedient
p. Polite
q. Responsible
r. Self-controlled

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.00 ns a Ambitious, absolute:
- males:   -.14 (ns)
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns a Ambitious, relative:
- males:   -.19 (ns)
- females: -.20 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.00 ns b Broadminded, absolute:
- males:   -.31 (10)
- females: +.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.01 ns b Broadminded, relative:
- males:   -.00 (ns)
- females: +.11 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns c Capable, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns)
- females: -.13 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns c Capable, relative:
- males:   +.23 (ns)
- females: -.29 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.23 p < .05 d Cheerful, absolute:
- males:   +.22 (ns)
- females: +.28 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.39 p < .01 d Cheerful, relative:
- males:   +.50 (01)
- females: +.38 (01)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.11 ns e Clean, absolute:
- males:   +.12 (ns)
- females: +.12 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.15 ns e Clean, relative:
- males:   +.29 (10)
- females: +.12 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.01 ns f Courageous, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns)
- females: +.07 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.01 ns f Courageous, relative:
- males:   +.00 (ns)
- females: +.11 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.12 ns g Forgiving, absolute:
- males:   -.19 (ns)
- females: +.30 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.15 ns g Forgiving, relative:
- males:   -.22 (ns)
- females: +.36 (05)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns h Helpful, absolute:
- males:   -.26 (ns)
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns h Helpful, relative:
- males:   -.10 (ns)
- females: -.13 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.07 ns i Honest, absolute:
- males:   -.00 (ns)
- females: +.15 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.19 p < .10 i Honest, relative:
- males:   +.23 (ns)
- females: +.17 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.17 ns j Imaginative, absolute:
- males:   -.18 (ns)
- females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.00 ns j Imaginative, relative:
- males:   +.00 (ns)
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns k Independent, absolute:
- males:   -.17 (ns)
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.00 ns k Independent, relative:
- males:   -.11 (ns)
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.22 p < .05 l Intellectual, absolute:
- males:   -.48 (01)
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.19 p < .10 l Intellectual, relative:
- males:   -.38 (05)
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.12 ns m Logical, absolute:
- males:   -.00 (ns)
- females: -.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.19 p < .10 m Logical, relative:
- males:   -.13 (ns)
- females: -.22 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.12 ns n Loving, absolute:
- males:   -.23 (ns)
- females: +.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.00 ns n Loving, relative:
- males:   -.21 (ns)
- females: +.17 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.08 ns o Obedient, absolute:
- males:   +.13 (ns)
- females: +.00 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns o Obedient, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns)
- females: -.18 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = +.01 ns o Polite, absolute:
- males:   +.01 (ns)
- females: +.10 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.01 ns p Polite, relative:
- males:   -.00 (ns)
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.00 ns q Responsible, absolute:
- males:   +.00 (ns)
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.12 ns q Responsible, relative:
- males:   +.01 (ns)
- females: -.26 (10)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.12 ns r Self-controlled, absolute:
- males:   -.45 (01)
- females: -.01 (ns)
A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a = -.22 p < .05 r Self-controlled, relative:
- males:   -.35 (05)
- females: -.16 (ns)

Correlations with second indicator of happiness (type A-TH) are quite similar and for that reason not presented in this excerpt