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Correlational findings

Study Ponomarenko (2019): study ZZ EU 12 2006

Public:
50-70 aged, 12 European countries, followed 5 years into retirement, 2006/07-2011/12
Survey name:
SHARE
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2163
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Employment status at T1
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed at: T1:Before retirement (2006/07) T2:After retirement (2011/12)
Distribution
N: A=212, B=262, C=351, D=1506
Related specification variables
Operationalization
selfreported
A. Unemployed
     a) Involuntary
     b) Voluntary
B. Disabled/Sickness
     a) Due to work
     b) Other reason
C. Homemaker
     a) Voluntary: due to duty as cargiver or have enough family  income
     b) Other reason
D. Employed (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.36 p < .05 T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 unemployed (vs employed)
- Involuntary (vs employed)    b = +.25 (ns)
- Voluntary   (vs employed)    b = +.12 (ns)
- Difference                       +.13
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.25 ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 disabled/sick (vs employed)
- Due to work  (vs employed)   b = +.43 (ns)
- Other reason (vs employed)   b = +.18 (ns)
- Difference                       +.25
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.12 ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 homemaker (vs employed)
- Voluntary    (vs employed)   b = -.31 (ns)
- Other reason (vs employed)   b = +.19 (ns)
- Difference                       -.50
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.88 ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by unemployed (vs employed)

b controlled for
- T1 happiness (to capture change)
- T1-T2 CHANGE in chronic condition
- T1-T2 CHANGE in household income
- T1-T2 CHANGE in became not living with partner

Effects differ accros nation
- more positive than in Germany
  - Austria
  - Netherlands
  - France
  - Switzerland
  - Demark
  - Spain
  - Italy
  - Czech Republic
- more negative than in Germany
  - Belgium
  - Sweden
  - Poland