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Correlational findings

Study Fiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969

Public:
People in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 189
Non Response:
Sample attrition: 12,5%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Lengthy interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Timeliness of transition
Our Classification
Operationalization
Ss classified according to whether the transition they faced at T1,  had taken place at T2 or T3 (2 or 5 years
later).
1: late   : no transition at T3
2: on-time:transition between T2 and T3
3: early  : transition before T2
The transitions faced at T1  are:
- for high school seniors: marriage
- for newly wed: parenthood  
- for middle aged parents: empty nest  
- for elderly couples: retirement

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - all             M=1.81   M=1.70    M=1.69
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - all             M=1.62   M=1.70    M=1.42

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - young           M=2.06   M=1.62    M=1.65
- old             M=1.65   M=1.78    M=1.77
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - young
- old

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - high stress     M=l.83   M=1.71    M=1.56
- low stress      M=1.75   M=1.69    M=1.75
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - low stress
- high stress

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME   LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 - T1 all          M=2.21   M=1.71   M=1.64
- T2 all          M=1.64   M=1.68   M=1.57
- T3 all          M=1.57   M=1.71   M=1.86
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - T1 all          M=1.60   M=1.84   M=1.58
- T2 all          M=1.70   M=1.59   M=1.09
- T3 all          M=1.55   M=1.67   M=1.58

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME  LATE
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - T1 young        M=2.82   M=1.57   M=1.61
- T1 old          M=1.82   M=1.86   M=1.70
- T2 young        M=1.82   M=1.57   M=1.56
- T2 old          M=1.53   M=1.78   M=1.60
- T3 young        M=1.54   M=1.71   M=1.78
- T3 old          M=1.59   M=1.71   M=2.00
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 young                                    
- T1 old          
- T2 young                                  
- T2 old          
- T3 young                                   
- T3 old  

MALES             EARLY    ON TIME  LATE  
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 - T1 low stress   M=2.35   M=1.64   M=1.55
- T1 high stress  M=1.88   M=1.78   M=1.68
- T2 low stress   M=1.55   M=1.64   M=1.44
- T2 high stress  M=1.88   M=1.71   M=1.63
- T3 low stress   M=1.60   M=1.86   M=1.67
- T3 high stress  M=1.50   M=1.57   M=1.95
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 low stress  
- T1 high stress  
- T2 low stress  
- T2 high stress  
- T3 low stress
- T3 high stress
                           
-Mean happiness scores over 5 years (average  T1,
T2 and T3) and at T1, T2 and T3 separately),
rated on a 3-point scale : 1:very happy, 2:
pretty happy, 3:not too happy
-Blank coloms/rows indicate insignificant
differences.
-Stress measured by repeated negative events in
the past year.
-Young= high school seniors+ newly weds
Old  = middle aged parents+ elderly