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Correlational findings

Study Fiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969

Public:
People in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 189
Non Response:
Sample attrition: 12,5%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Lengthy interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Earlier and current stress
Our Classification
Operationalization
Summed reported negative life events in the past year, weighted by how much one has thought of the event. Events reported on a 138 item checklist similar to that of Holmes & Rahe (1964)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - all             M=1.74   M=1.74       0      0
FEMALES                         
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - all             M=1.59   M=1.76    + .17  -. 85

MALES             LOW      HIGH      DM'    DMt'
                  STRESS   STRESS
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - young           M=1.92   M=1.68    - .26  +1.30
- old             M=1.67   M=1.90    + .23  -1.15
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - young
- old  

MALES             LOW      HIGH      DM'    DMt'
                  STRESS   STRESS
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - early           M=1.83   M=1.75    - .08  +0.40
- one time        M=1.71   M=1.69    - .02  + .10
- late            M=1.56   M=1.75    + .19  - .85
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - early
- on time
- late

MALES             LOW      HIGH      DM'    DMt'
                  STRESS   STRESS
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 all          M=1.95   M=1.75    - .20  +1.00
- T2 all          M=1.56   M=1.71    + .16  - .80
- T3 all          M=1.70   M=1.73    + .03  - .15
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns - T1 all          M=1.77   M=1.70    - .07  + .35
- T2 all          M=1.67   M=1.90    + .23  -1.15
- T3 all          M=1.39   M=1.85    + .46  -2.30

MALES             LOW      HIGH      DM'    DMt'
                  STRESS   STRESS
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 - T1 young        M=2.58   M=1.64    - .94  +4.70
- T1 old          M=1.71   M=2.10    + .39  -1.95
- T2 young        M=1.50   M=1.68    + .18  - .90
- T2 old          M=1.58   M=1.80    + .22  -1.10
- T3 young        M=1.67   M=1.71    + .04  - .20
- T3 old          M=1.71   M=1.80    + .09  - .45
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 young                              
- T1 old          
- T2 young                              
- T2 old         
- T3 young                          
- T3 old            

MALES             LOW      HIGH      DM'    DMt'
                  STRESS   STRESS
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 - T1 early        M=2.35   M=1.88    - .47  +2.35
- T1 on time      M=1.64   M=1.78    + .14  - .70
- T1 late         M=1.55   M=1.68    + .13  - .65
- T2 early        M=1.55   M=1.88    + .33  -1.65
- T2 on time      M=1.64   M=1.71    + .07  - .35
- T2 late         M=1.44   M=1.63    + .19  - .85
- T3 early        M=1.60   M=1.50    - .10  + .50
- T3 on time      M=1.86   M=1.57    - .29  +1.45
- T3 late         M=1.67   M=1.95    + .28  -1.40 FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 early                             
- T1 on time        
- T1 late                            
- T2 early           
- T2 on time                         
- T2 late                                    
- T3 early         
- T3 on time                          
- T3 late           

-Mean happiness scores over 5 years (average  T1,
T2, T3) and at T1, T2 and T3 separately, rated
on a 3-point scale : 1:very happy, 2: pretty
happy, 3:not too happy
-Blank coloms/rows indicate insignificant
difference.
-Timeliness of transition was measured by the
time at which the transitions,the Ss faced at
T1, had really occurred.
-Young= high school seniors+ newly weds
Old  = middle aged parents+ elderly