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Correlational findings

Study Fiske & Chiriboga (1985): study US 1969

Public:
People in transition, followed 5 years,USA, 1969-1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 189
Non Response:
Sample attrition: 12,5%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Lengthy interviews

Correlate

Authors's label
Stage of life
Our Classification
Operationalization
Lifestage at T1: young vs old
Young:
- high school seniors facing marriage
- newly weds facing parenthood
Old:
- middle aged parents facing empty nest
- elderly couples facing retirement

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - all             M=1.75   M=1.73    - .02  + .10
FEMALES                         
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ALL             M=1.67   M=1.68    + .01  - .05

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = low stress      M=1.92   M=1.67    - .25  +1.25
high stress     M=1.68   M=1.90    +. 22  -1.10
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - low stress
- high stress

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = early           M=2.06   M=1.65    - .43  +2.15
on time         M=1.62   M=1.78    + .16  - .80
late            M=1.65   M=1.77    + .12  - .60
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - early
- on time
- late

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = T1 all          M=1.91   M=1.81    - .10  + .50
T2 all          M=1.63   M=1.63       0      0
T3 all          M=1.70   M=1.73    + .03  - .15
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 T1 all          M=1.65   M=1.82    + .17  .85
T2 all          M=1.59   M=1.77    + .18  - .90
T3 all          M=1.78   M=1.45    - .33  +1.65

MALES           YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = p < .05 T1 low stress   M=2.58   M=1.71    - .87  +4.35
T1 high stress  M=1.64   M=2.10    + .46  -2.30
T2 low stress   M=1.50   M=1.58    + .03  - .15
T2 high stress  M=1.68   M=1.80    + .12  - .60
T3 low stress   M=1.67   M=1.71    + .04  - .20
T3 high stress  M=1.71   M=1.80    + .09  - .45
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = - T1 low stress                     
- T1 high stress    
- T2 low stress                     
- T2 high stress   
- T3 low stress                     
- T3 high stress   

MALES             YOUNG    OLD       DM'    DMt'
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = ns T1 early        M=2.82   M=1.82    -1.00  +5.00
T1 on time      M=1.57   M=1.86    + .71  +3.55
T1 late         M=1.61   M=1.70    + .09  - .45
T2 early        M=1.82   M=1.53    - .29  +1.45
T2 on time      M=1.57   M=1.78    + .21  -1.05
T2 late         M=1.56   M=1.60    + .04  - .20
T3 early        M=1.54   M=1.59    +. 05  - .20
T3 on time      M=1.71   M=1.71       0      0
T3 late         M=1.78   M=2.00    + .22  -1.10
FEMALES
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-cb DM = T1 early                              
T1 on time       
T1 late                             
T2 early         
T2 on time                         
T2 late         
T3 early                            
T3 on time      
T3 late                                

Mean happiness scores over 5 years (average T1, T2, T3) and at T1, T2 and T3 separately, rated on a 3-point scale : 1:very happy, 2: pretty happy, 3:not too happy

Blank coloms/rows indicate insignificant difference.

Stress measured by repeated negative events in the past year.

Timeliness of transition was measured by the time at which the transitions,the Ss faced at T1, had really occurred.