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Correlational findings

Study Gilbert et al. (2016): study GB Scotland 2009

Public:
16+ aged, general public, Scotland, 2009
Survey name:
UK-Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS)
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2148
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
education
Our Classification
Distribution
No qualifications
In remote rural areas, M = 16.1%, SE = 0.039
In accesible rural areas, M =  15.4%, SEr = 0.024
In non-rural areas, M = 17.5%, SE = 0.010

o-levels and equivalent
1 Remote rural areas, Mean = 23.4%, St .Error = 0.043
2 Accesible rural areas, Mean =  18.4%, St .Error = 0.023
3 Non-Rural areas, Mean = 21.3%, St .Error = 0.011

a-levels and equivalent
1 Remote rural areas, Mean = 10.3%, St .Error = 0.028
2 Accesible rural areas, Mean =  15.8%, St .Error = 0.025
3 Non-Rural areas, Mean = 14.1%, St .Error = 0.009

Nursing and other higher qualifications
1 Remote rural areas, Mean = 36.1%, St .Error = 0.047
2 Accesible rural areas, Mean =  30.7%, St .Error = 0.029
3 Non-Rural areas, Mean = 28.5%, St .Error = 0.012

first degree and higher
1 Remote rural areas, Mean = 14.1%, St .Error = 0.034
2 Accesible rural areas, Mean =  19.7%, St .Error = 0.027
3 Non-Rural areas, Mean = 18.6%, St .Error = 0.010
Operationalization
0 No qualifications (reference)
1 o-levels and equivalent
2 a-levels and equivalent
3 nursing anf other higher qualifications
4 first degree and higher

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e OLRC = -.08 ns o-levels and equivalent (vs no qualifications) O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e OLRC = -.19 ns a-levels and equivalent (vs no qualifications) O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e OLRC = -.27 ns nursing and other highe (vs no qualifications) O-SLW-u-sq-n-7-e OLRC = -.33 p < .067 first degree and higher (vs no qualifications)

OLRCs controlled for:
-Environmental characteristics
- remote rural area
- accesible rural areas
-Individual characteristics
- male
- age, age squared
- income
- employment
- marital status
- number of children under 16
- health last 12 months excellent/good
- financial position worse than last year
- meet friends and family once/twice a week
- talk to neighbour once/twice a week
- attend local group once a month
- play sport/exercise once a month
- religious service/meetings once a month