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Correlational findings

Study Ponomarenko (2016): study ZZ EU 13 2006

Public:
50+ aged, 13 European countries, 2006/07
Survey name:
SHARE
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 8098
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Labor market inactivity history
Our Classification
Remarks
Labour market inactivity history from the Job Episodes Panel (JEP), which was transformed from SHARELIFE data
Distribution
Men: 5.19%, Women:22.96%, Total:14.05%
Related specification variables
Operationalization
selfreported labour market inactivity status at least 6 months
A. at 15-24 years
B. at 25-49 years
C. at 50-60 years

1. Yes
0. No

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = + No work at age 15-24 (vs not)
- Men                           b = +.12 (10)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = +.18 (10)
  - conservative nations        b = +.20 (10)
  - southern nations            b = +.20 (ns)
  - Post-transitional nations   b = +.20 (10)
- Women                         b = +.00 (ns)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = +.05 (ns)
  - conservative nations        b = -.06 (ns)
  - southern  nations           b = +.21 (01)
  - Post-transitional nations   b = -.08 (ns)

Southern states show positive relation of early inactivity for wommen, but not for men
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +/- ns No work at age 25-49 (vs not)
- Men                           b = -.01 (ns)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = -.05 (ns)
  - conservative nations        b = +.07 (ns)
  - southern nations            b = -.11 (ns)
  - Post-transitional nation    b = +.15 (ns)
- Women                         b = +.01 (ns)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = +.06 (01)
  - conservative nations        b = +.08 (ns)
  - southern nations            b = -.17 (ns)
  - Post-transitional nations   b = +.03 (ns)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = - No work at age 50-60 (vs not)
- Men                           b = -.20 (01)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = -.19 (ns)
  - conservative nations        b = -.26 (ns)
  - southern nations            b = -.15 (05)
  - Post-transitional nations   b = -.04 (ns)
- Women                         b = -.10 (05)
  - socio-democratic nations    b = -.08 (ns)
  - conservative nations        b = -.21 (05)
  - southern nations            b = +.17 (10)
  - Post-transitional nations   b = -.15 (ns)

b controlled for
- employment history
  - unemployment history
  - part-time history
  - age at first job
  - age at last job
- current situation
  - age, age squared
  - living with a partner
  - number of children
  - education
  - birth cohort
  - physical limitation
  - log pension income
  - nation

Sociodemocratic welfare states such as Sweden and Denmark, universalistic coverage of social security and early expansion of the service sector allow flexible careers.

Conservative welfare regimes are Austria, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, Netherlands and France.

Southern welfare states, like Italy, Greece and Spain are paired with a strong employment protection, which creates an insider/outsider system.

Post-transitional nations include the Central and Eastern European nations since they undergo a transformation diverging from a unifying socialism to different market economies in 1990s