print

Correlational findings

Study Cropanzano & Wright (1999): study US 1992

Public:
Social welfare professionals, United States, followed 5 years 1992-1997
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Wellbeing
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed at T1, T2, T3 and T4
Distribution
T1: M = 3,4; SD = 1,2
T2: M = 3,5; SD = 1,5
T3: M = 3,6; SD = 1,5
T4: M = 3,7; SD = 1,5
Operationalization
Self report on 8 questions:
"Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?"
A  Very lonely or remote from other people
B  Depressed or very unhappy
C  Bored
D  So restless you couldn't sit long in a chair
E  Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why
F  On top of the world
G  Particularly excited or interested in something
H  Pleased about having accomplished something

Answer options:
0  never
1  sometimes
3  often
Summation:
Positive Affect Score (PAS): summed scores on F, G, H
Negative Affect Score (NAS): summed scores on A, B, C, D, E
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Possible range  -15 to +9
Transformed to a 7 point scale, where 1 is all or almost all positive feelings and 7 is all or almost all negative feelings.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.76 p < .01 T1 happiness by T2 happiness (half a year later) A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.68 p < .01 T1 Happiness by T3 happiness (4 years later) A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.60 p < .01 T1 happiness by T4 happiness (5 years later) A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.66 p < .01 T2 happiness by T3 Happiness (3,5 years later) A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.62 p < .01 T2 happiness by T4 happiness (4,5 years later) A-BB-g-mq-v-3-a r = +.78 p < .01 T3 happiness by T4 happiness (1 year later)