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Correlational findings

Study Dingemans & Henkens (2014): study NL 2001

Public:
50-64 aged, Netherlands, followed before and after retirement, 2001-2011
Survey name:
NL-NIDI work and retirement panel
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1248
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's Label
Motives for bridge employment
Our Classification
Remarks
Bridge employment defined as older adults who receive retirement benefit and prolong their active working lives in the paid labor force, such as part-time job, self-employment or temporary work.
Distribution
(a) 15%, (b) 53%, (c) 10%, (d) 12%
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: "What was the most important motive for reentry into the labor force?"
(a) financial motive(needed money)
(b) enjoyment motive(enjoy working)
(c) social motive(for social contact)
(d) other motive(felt bored/ others)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = -.24 p < .01 Postretirement happiness CHANGE by had financial motive(ns not). M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = +.11 p < .05 Postretirement happiness CHANGE by had enjoyment motive(ns not). M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = +.01 ns Postretirement happiness CHANGE by had social motive(ns no). M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = +.02 ns Postretirement happiness CHANGE by had other motive(ns not).

All b controlled for:
Personal characteristics
- preretirement happiness(to capture change)
- time of retirement in survey wave
- age
- gender
- change of health problem
- perceived pension shortfall
Household composition
- partner status
- had children
Preretirement work context
- job satisfaction
- supervisor
- occupation level
- years of retirement
Retirement transition
- reasons for involuntariness
- bridge employment status
- bridge job in the past
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b DM = Happiness declined among reterees who took a bridge job for financial reasons

Happiness assessed at
T1: 2001
T2: 2006/7
T3: 2011
Most participants retired in this period