Correlational findings

Study Dingemans & Henkens (2014): study NL 2001

50-64 aged, Netherlands, followed before and after retirement, 2001-2011
Survey name
NL-NIDI work and retirement panel
N = 1248
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Bridge employment
Our Classification
Bridge employment defined as older adults who receive retirement benefit and prolong their active working lives in the paid labor force, such as part-time job, self-employment or temporary work.
Pooled mean and SD in postretirement:
(x) M=0.72, SD=0.45
(y) M=0.09, SD=0.28
(z) M=0.19, SD=0.39
Selfreport on three questions:
a. Have you searched for paid labor after leaving your career job?
b. Have you participated in paid labor after leaving your career job?
c. whether respondents were currently employed in paid labor

categories into:
(x) fulltime retirement without an intention for bridge employment (reference group)
(y) fulltime retirement and unsuccessful at finding a bridge job
(z) participation in bridge employment

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b DM = Voluntary retired remained equally happy while involuntary retired without bridge employment had a sharp decline in happiness.

Happiness assessed at
T1: 2001
T2: 2006/7
T3: 2011
Most participants retired in this period
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = -.11 ns Postretirement happiness CHANGE by having been unsuccessful at finding a bridge job (vs no intention of bridge job).

b controlled for:
Personal characteristics
- preretirement happiness(to capture change)
- time of retirement in survey wave
- age
- gender
- change of health problem
- perceived pension shortfall
Household composition
- partner status
- had children
Preretirement work context
- job satisfaction
- supervisor
- occupation level
- years of retirement
Retirement transition
- reasons for involuntariness
- bridge job in the past
- motives for bridge employment