Correlational findings

Study Debats (1996a): study NL 1991

18-42 aged mental patients,before and after psychotherapy, Netherlands, 199?
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 114
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Earlier sense of purpose: Life Regard Index Framework
Our Classification
Selfreport on 14 questions
a. I feel like I have found a really significant meaning for leading my life.
b. I have really come to terms with what's important for me in my life.
c. I have a system or framework that allows me to truly understand my being alive.
d. I have a very clear idea of what I'd like to do with my life.
e. There are things that I devote all my life's energy to.
f. I have a philosophy of life that really gives my living significance.
g. I have some aims and goals that would personally give me a great deal of satisfaction if I could accomplish them.
h. I just don't know what I really want to do with my life.
i. I really don't have much of a purpose for living, even for myself.
j. I need to find something that I can really be committed to.
k. I get completely confused when I try to understand my life.
l. There honestly isn't anything that I totally want to do.
m. I really don't believe in anything about my life very deeply.
n. Other people seem to have a much better idea of what they want to do with their lives than I do.

Assessed at T1: before psycho-therapy

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-v-4-c Beta = +.23 p < .05 T1 sense of purpose by T2 (gain in) happiness following psychotherapy

Beta controled for T1
- Happiness (to capture T2 gain)
- Psychological disstress
- Self-esteem