Correlational findings

Study Dingemans & Henkens (2014): study NL 2001

50-64 aged, Netherlands, followed before and after retirement, 2001-2011
Survey name
NL-NIDI work and retirement panel
N = 1248
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Occupational level
Our Classification
Pooled mean and SD in postretirement:
(a) M=0.16, SD=0.36
(b) M=0.33, SD=0.47
(c) M=0.51, SD=0.5
Education level required for the career job.
(a) lower (primary or lower secondary)
(b) middle (middle or higher secondary)
(c) higher (tertiary education)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = +.09 ns Postretirement happiness CHANGE by Preretirement middle occupation level(vs lower). M-CO-u-mq-v-5-b b = +.12 p < .05 Postretirement happiness CHANGE by Preretirement higher occupation level(vs lower).

All b controlled for:
Personal characteristics
- preretirement happiness(to capture change)
- time of retirement in survey wave
- age
- gender
- change of health problem
- perceived pension shortfall
Household composition
- partner status
- had children
Preretirement work context
- job satisfaction
- supervisor
- years of retirement
Retirement transition
- reasons for involuntariness
- bridge employment status
- bridge job in the past
- motives for bridge employment

Happiness assessed atAssessed at
T1: 2001
T2: 2006/7
T3: 2011
Most participants retired in this period