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Correlational findings

Study Martinson et al. (1985): study US Wisconsin 1974

Public:
18+ aged, general public, NW Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1423
Non Response:
14%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Powerlessness
Our Classification
Operationalization
3 item idex of closed questions, rated on a 5-point Likert Format:
a. This world is run by a few people in
   power and there is not much the
   little guy can do about it.
b. I have little chance of protecting
   my personel interests when they
   conflict with those of strong
   pressure groups.
c. The average citizen can have an
   influence on government decisions.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a Beta = - ß of different age groups:
under 30 : -.16  05     30-49   : -.11  05
50-64    : -.09  ns     over 64 : -.05  ns

ß controlled for: negative life change, degree of disability, days lost due to illness, community solidarity, recent migrant, contact with friends, contact with relatives, organizational affiliation, church attendance, separated / divorced, sex, unemployed, family income, education.