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Correlational findings

Study Latif (2011): study CA 1994

Public:
45+ aged adults, Canada, followed 13 years. 1994-2007
Survey name:
CA National Population Health Survey: pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 22040
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
every 2 years

Correlate

Authors's Label
Retired
Our Classification
Remarks
T1:1994-1995, T7:2006-2007
Related specification variables
Operationalization
selfreported of not working due to retirement
1 Yes
0 No

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d DM = + Retired 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006
- Yes   4.75 4.77 4.79 4.81 4.79 4.76 4.81
- No    4.71 4.76 4.76 4.78 4.74 4.74 4.76
Diff.   +.04 +.01 +.03 +.03 +.05 +.02 +.05
O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d LRCD = +.34 p < .05 CURRENT happiness by being retired (vs not retired) O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d b = +.03 p < .01 - male         b = +.02(ns)
- female       b = +.03(01)
- age 45-54    b = +.05(ns)
- age 55+      b = +.02(ns)
O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d OLRC = +.14 p < .01 - male         OLRC = +.17(05)
- female       OLRC = +.13(05)
- age 45-54    OLRC = +.13(ns)
- age 55+      OLRC = +.10(05)
O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d b-fix = +.04 p < .01 T1-T7 CHANGE in happiness by being retired (vs not retired)
- male         b-fix = +.04(05)
- female       b-fix = +.03(01)
- age 45-54    b-fix = +.05(ns)
- age 55+      b-fix = +.03(01)

Average gain in happiness: 3.6%

LRCD, b, OLRC, b-fix controlled for
- gender
- age, age squared
- marital status
- education level
- health status
- Personal income
- province
- lives in an urban area
- home owner
O-HL-?-sq-v-5-d b-IV-F = +.06 p < .01 - male         b-IV-F = +.06(01)
- female       b-IV-F = +.05(01)
- age 45-54    b-IV-F = +.05(ns)
- age 55+      b-IV-F = +.05(01)

Additionally Instrumental Variable used for retirement: discontinuous age specific retirement incentives