print

Correlational findings

Study Martinson et al. (1984): study US Wisconsin 1974

Public:
18+aged, general public, N.W. Wisconsin, USA, 1974
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1423
Non Response:
12%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Powerlessness
Our Classification
Operationalization
3 item index of closed questions, rated on a 5 point Likert format:
a.This world is run by few people in
  power and there is not much the
  little guy can do about it.
b.I have little chance of protecting
  my personel interests when they
  conflict with those of strong
  pressure groups.
c.The average citizen can have an
  influence on government decisions.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a r = -.16 p < .05 age <30: r = -.18  05
30 - 49: r = -.24  05
50 - 64: r = -.11  05
   > 64: r = -.10  05
O-SLW-u-sqt-v-7-a Beta = -.13 p < .05 age <30: ß = -.19  05
30 - 49: ß = -.13  05
50 - 64: ß = -.10  05
   > 64: ß = -.05  ns

ß controlled for:community solidarity, health,
days too sick to work, recent move, separated/ divorced, unemployed, contact with relatives, contact with friends, church attendance, organizational membership, education, family income.