Correlational findings

Study Fischer et al. (2015a): study AU 1995

14 year olds, Australia, followed to age 21, 1995-2002
Survey name
N = 7223
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
self-completing questionnaires at age 14 and 21 follow ups


Authors's Label
Age onset alcohol problems (effect on later happiness)
Our Classification
Assesed retrospectively at age 21 (T2) using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, Module alcohol disorders (Andrews & Peters 2003)
Related specification variables
Self report on single question:
How old they were when the first experienced alcohol dependence and/or abuse symptoms (AUD)?
1:  Never (reference)
2: 18 years or more
3: 16-17 years
4: 15 years or less

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-b OR = - T2 (age 21) happiness by T2 retrospective report of earlier experience of alcohol dependancy (vs never)

The least happy at age 21 more often had problems with alcohol before
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-b OR = - ns/05 Satisfied (vs Very satisfied)
- 18 years or more    OR = 1.07 CI95[0.82,2.15]
- 16-17 years         OR = 1.08 CI95[1.24,2.66]
- 15 years or less    OR = 1.32 CI95[0.81,2.14]
O-SLW-c-sq-v-3-b = Dissatisfied (vs Very satisfied) M-FH-c-sq-v-3-b = Happy (vs Very happy) M-FH-c-sq-v-3-b = Unhappy (vs Very happy)

ORs denote positive correlations with UNhappiness. The standarde notation in the WDH is from less to more happiness and hence the direction of correlation is noted above as negative (-)

Ors similsr when controled for T2:
- gender
- employment
- on welfare
- in school
- education
- living arrangement
- has boy/girl friend