print

Correlational findings

Study Ding (2017): study CN 2011

Public:
45+ aged, rural hukou, China, 2011
Survey name:
CN-China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10378
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Residence
Our Classification
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1. living in urban area
0. living in other area

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z b = +.07 p < .05 Living in urban area (vs other)

b controlled for
- age
- edu
- marriage
- health
- income, land, house
- new rural pension program (NRPP)
- other pension
- descendant
- having at least one son
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z b-iv = +.15 ns Additionally Instrument Variables used for new rural pension program
- availability of new rural pension program
- expects to rely on pension
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.16 p < .10 - All sample O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.21 p < .10 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.00 ns - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.03 ns - Age 75+

OLRC controlled for
- gender
- age
- edu
- marriage
- health
- income, land, house
- new rural pension program
- other pension
- descendant
- having at least one son

Similar results when using Instrument Variables for new rural pension program
- availability of new rural pension program
- expects to rely on pension
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.39 p < .01 Those without coverage of any pension plan
- All sample
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.43 p < .01 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.27 ns - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.39 ns - Age 75+

OLRC controlled for
- gender
- age
- edu
- marriage
- health
- income, land, house
- descendant
- having at least one son
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.42 p < .01 - All sample O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.47 p < .01 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.31 ns - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.47 ns - Age 75+

Additionally controlled for voluntarily not to participate in the new rural pension program