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Correlational findings

Study Ding (2017): study CN 2011

Public:
45+ aged, rural hukou, China, 2011
Survey name:
CN-China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 10378
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Health condition
Our Classification
Distribution
M=3.85, SD=0.39
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Average value of difficulty levels of ADLs (activities of daily living) including
A: Eating
B: Bathing
C: Dressing
D: Grooming
E: Homemaking
F: Leisure
Self-rated each aspect:
0. I cannot do it (Bad)
1. I have difficulty and need help
2. I have difficulty but can still do it
3. I don’t have any difficulty (Good)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z b = +.30 p < .01 b controlled for
- age
- edu
- marriage
- residence
- income, land, house
- new rural pension program (NRPP)
- other pension
- descendant
- having at least one son
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z b-iv = +.30 p < .01 Additionally Instrument Variables used for new rural pension program
- availability of new rural pension program
- expects to rely on pension
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.83 p < .01 - All sample O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +1.1 p < .01 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.78 p < .01 - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.40 p < .05 - Age 75+

OLRC controlled for
- gender
- age
- edu
- marriage
- residence
- income, land, house
- new rural pension program
- other pension
- descendant
- having at least one son

Similar results when using Instrument Variables for new rural pension program
- availability of new rural pension program
- expects to rely on pension
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.78 p < .01 Those without coverage of any pension plan
- All sample
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +1.1 p < .01 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.66 p < .01 - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.34 ns - Age 75+

OLRC controlled for
- gender
- age
- edu
- marriage
- residence
- income, land, house
- descendant
- having at least one son
O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.74 p < .01 - All sample O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +1.1 p < .01 - Age 45-49 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.68 p < .01 - Age 60-74 O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-z OLRC = +.32 ns - Age 75+

Additionally controlled for voluntarily not to participate in the new rural pension program