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Correlational findings

Study Venkatraman (1995): study US 1986

Public:
Elderly marrieds, USA 1986
Survey name:
US-ACL wave 1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 567
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Social support
Our Classification
Distribution
Aa:  Spouse loves                  M = 4,52
         Spouse listens                M = 3,94
Ab:   Child loves                        M =4.62
        Child listens                       M = 4,05
Ac:   Friends/relatives love   M = 4,15
        Friends relatives listen  M = 4.75
Operationalization
Self report of support received from intimates in response to two questions
A: How much does your ... make you feel loved and cared for
B: How much is .. willing to listen when you need to talk about your worries and problems
Asked for
a: spouse
b: adult children
c; friends and relatives
Rated:
5 a great deal
4
3
2
1 not at all

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-i X = 0.98 Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) model prediting life satisfaction
- directy from social support and
- indirectly though effect on self-esteem

Similar result obtained in India (GFI 0.94)