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Correlational findings

Study Bogart et al. (2007): study US 2001

Public:
29 aged, USA, 2001
Survey name:
US-RAND Adolescent/Young adult panel 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2376
Non Response:
64% in 2001 follow-up
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's Label
Ethnicity
Our Classification
Remarks
Participants indicated ethnicity at age 18 (Black, Latino, Asian, Other)
Distribution
1: 67.0%, 0a: 10.2%, 0b: 10.5%, 0c: 8.2%, 0d: 4.1%
Operationalization
1: White (reference)
0: Non-White
    a: Black
    b: Hispanic
    c: Asian
    d: other

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.44 >001 BIVARIATE
Black (vs White)  CI[0.28,0.68]
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.76 ns Asian (vs White)  CI95[0.53,1.09] O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.48 ns Other (vs Rhite)  CI95[0.23,0.99] O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.43 p < .001 MULTI-VARIATE
Black (vs White) CI95[0.27;0.68]
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.85 ns Latino (vs White) CI95[0.56;1,31] O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.81 ns Asian  (vs White) CI95[0.52;1,27] O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.53 ns Other  (vs White)  CI95[0.27,1,08]

OR controled for age 18
- socio-demographics
  - parental education
  - gender
  - ethnicity
- social environment
  - peer support
  - parental support
- individual characteristics
  - social skills
  - mental health
  - loneliness
  - deviance

Minor differences after additional control for current (age 29)
- social status: less negative for Latino, more for Asians)
No difference for current
- substance use
- poor health