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Correlational findings

Study Bogart et al. (2007): study US 2001

Public:
29 aged, USA, 2001
Survey name:
US-RAND Adolescent/Young adult panel 2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2376
Non Response:
64% in 2001 follow-up
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's Label
Cigarette use at age 18
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Ever used: 54.4%
Remarks
assessed in middle school
Operationalization
self report of frequency of cigarettes use at age 18 (10 years ago)
11: used 20 or more days in past month
;
0:  never used

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.95 p < .001 bivariate       [CI95 0.92, 0.97] O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = 0.96 p < .01 Multi-variate    CI95[0.93,0.99]
OR controled for age 18:
- socio-demographics
  - parental education
  - gender
  - ethnicity
- social environment
  - peer support
  - parental support
- individual characteristics
  - social skills
  - mental health
  - loneliness
  - deviance
O-SLu-g-sq-v-5-g OR = - ns Mediators as apparent in lower correlation when controled for current (age 29)
- substance use     ns
- social position   05
- poor health       ns
- all mediators     ns