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Correlational findings

Study Hart et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2014

Public
18+ aged, urban areas, European countries, 2014
Survey name
INT-SPOTLIGHT survey
Sample
Respondents
N = 5205
Non Response
89.2%
Assessment
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's Label
Perceived safety
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on question about perceived safety from crime and safety from traffic

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-5-f ORO = + p < .001 dds for being…           ORO    CI95
- very happy             2,29   [1,82;2,88]
- moderately happy       1.81   [1,44;2,29]
- neutral                1,41   [1.0;1,88]
- unhappy (reference)