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Correlational findings

Study Wells et al. (2009): study AU 1998

Public:
48-73 aged, followed 3 years before and after retirement, Australia, 1998-2002
Survey name:
AU-HRP 1998-2002
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 444
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple assesment methods
T0: self-completed questionanaire:paper T1-T3: telephone interviews.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Retrospective change of happiness over retirement
Our Classification
Remarks
T0-T1: 1998/99-2000 (1 year) T1-T2: 2000-2001(1 year) T2-T3: 2001-2002 (1 year) T0-T3:1998/99-2002 (3 year)
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question
"How happy are you now compared with just before you retired/ 12/ 36 months previously?"
3: happier now
2: about the same
1:less happy now

Assessed at  T1, T2 and T3.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-?-sq-v-5-b D% = CHANGE Happiness after retirement.
T0-T1          better  no change  worse
Retrospective  72.3%     27.7%     0%     
Actual         21.7%     62.7%    15.7%
- Difference   +50.6%    -35.0%   -15.7%

T1-T2          better  nochange  worse  
Retrospective  29.0%     65.9%     5.1%     
Actual         11.9%     68.3%    19.8%
- Difference   +17.1%     -2.4%   -14.7%

T2-T3          better  nochange  worse  
Retrospective  23.3%     70.8%     5.8%     
Actual         14.9%     70.3%    14.9%
- Difference   +8.4%     +0.5%    -9.1%

T0-T3          better  nochange  worse  
Retrospective  65.3%     27.1%     7.6%     
Actual         21.1%     60.0%    19.0%
- Difference  +44.2%    -32.9%   -11.4%
M-TH-?-sq-v-5-b Gs = s RETROSPECTIVE CHANGE by ACTUAL CHANGE in happiness
Retrospective by
T0-T1  Gs = +.23 (05)
T1-T2  Gs = +.26 (01)
T2-T3  Gs = +.27 (01)
T0-T3  Gs = +.24 (01)
M-TH-?-sq-v-5-b Gs = + ns T0-T3 Retrospective by
(a) T2-T3 Actual  Gs = +.07 (ns)
(b) T0-T3 Actual  Gs = +.17 (ns)
So, no strong recency effect
M-TH-?-sq-v-5-b OR = +/- Positive review: retrospective > actual change
- more among positive self-image (001)
- similar for age
- similar for males and females

Negative review: retrospective < actual change
- more among older (ns)
- more among negative self immage (ns)