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Correlational findings

Study Ryan et al. (2017): study US 2008

Public:
44-85 aged, followed 4 years before and after retirement, USA, 2008/12--2010/14
Survey name:
US-HRS combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 716
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Openness to experience
Our Classification
Remarks
T1: 2008/2010, T2: 2012/2014 α = .79 in 2008 and 2010
Distribution
M=3.02, SD=0.52
Operationalization
Selfreport on question; "Please indicate how well each of the following describes you"
descriptors:
a. creative
b. imaginative
c. intelligent
d. curious
e. broadminded
f. sophisticated
g. adventurous
Rated
4: not at all
3: a little
2: some
1: a lot

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-APA-yd-mq-n-7-a b = - ns T1 openness to experience by T1-T2 CHANGE happiness
PA: b = +.16 (003)
NA: b = +.03 (ns)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant.
A-BW-cm-mq-v-5-a b = + s T1 openness to experience by T1-T2 CHANGE happiness
PA: b = +.16 (003)
NA: b = +.03 (ns)
Correlation with ABS not reported, but must be positive and significant.

b coeficients controled for
- T1 Happiness (to capture change)
- T1 Socio-demographics
  - age
  - gender
  - ethnicity
  - education
  - marital status
  - household wealth
  - control over finance
- T1 Physical limitations
- T1 Self-rated health
- T1 Personality
  - neuroticism
  - extraversion
  - conscientiousness
  - agreeableness
- T1 Perceived impracticability of wanted retirement

b coeficients controled for
- T1 Happiness (to capture change)
- T1 Socio-demographics
  - age
  - gender
  - ethnicity
  - education
  - marital status
  - household wealth
  - control over finance
- T1 Physical limitations
- T1 Self-rated health
- T1 Personality
- T1 Perceived impracticability of wanted retirement

Similar across T1 personality types